Assuming a default configuration, the following inbound ports are required (depending on which services you want to make publicly available). All ports are TCP, unless otherwise mentioned.
25, Inbound and Outbound – ESMTP
53, Outbound – DNS (note that return packets are required)
110, Inbound and Outbound – POP3 and MultiPOP
143, Inbound – IMAP4
366, Inbound and Outbound – ODMR (ATRN, alternate ESMTP port)
465, Inbound – SSL SMTP
587, Inbound – ESMTP MSA (Mail Submission Agent — Have your mail cilents deliver here rather then 25 to avoid ISP firewalls
993, Inbound – SSL IMAP4
995, Inbound and Outbound – SSL POP3
4069 UDP, Inbound and Outbound – Minger
Even if you intend on enforcing encrypted connections, the unencrypted ports should be left active as the STARTTLS command starts a connection unencrypted and later adds encryption.
WorldClient, SyncML, ActiveSync, WebDAV, and possibly more
3000, Inbound – HTTP
80, Inbound – HTTP
443, Inbound – HTTPS
If nothing else on your server listens on port 80 and 443, it is highly recommended to assign these ports to WorldClient. It is required for ActiveSync’s AutoDiscovery, and for some older ActiveSync clients to connect.
1000, Inbound – WebAdmin’s webserver
3101, Outbound – BES services
80, Outbound – SA-Update
21, Outbound – FTP for virus definitions updates
80, Outbound – HTTP for virus definitions updates and Outbreak Protection
If you are using a software firewall, you should ensure that the following processes have unrestricted inbound and outbound access: MDaemon.exe, WorldClient.exe, WebAdmin.exe, MDSpamD.exe, AVUpdate.exe
Finally, note that various parts of MDaemon interact using sockets to localhost IP addresses, so if you use a software firewall, you should not block any traffic to/from 127.0.0.1. This includes SpamAssassin, WorldClient, BES and other features.